What can an ultrasound examination find?
Ultrasound is part of the general check up in cases where disorders of the female reproductive organs are suspected, in which an internal ultrasound scan is performed, i.e. transvaginally. This allows the doctor to better visualize the internal organs, including cervix, uterus and ovaries. Ultrasound examinations may reveal tumors and cysts, myomas, polyps and abscesses. However, ultrasound may not be sufficient to differentiate between benign and malignant masses, hence this may require further evaluation with CT, MRI or surgery (laparoscopy).
Ultrasound scans are also useful in assessment and management of women who experience problems conceiving, infertility and fertility treatment.
Ultrasound during pregnancy
Ultrasound in Norway
In Norway, all pregnant women are offered an ultrasound scan in week 18-20. However, many pregnant women now choose to have an early ultrasound in private clinics. This can be performed from week 6. From week 6 to 11 it is possible to detect the fetal heartbeat, the number of embryos, confirm the location of the pregnancy (rule out ectopic pregnancy) and confirm the gestational age of the fetus. These weeks, the ultrasound is performed internally, i.e. through your vagina (transvaginally). From week 12 (11+0 to 13+6) we may assess the baby’s development. Our gynecologists may perform these scans. If any abnormalities are suspected, our gynecologists will refer you for further assessment and follow up. From week 15 the gender may be revealed.
Written by: General Practitioner Anne Marte Ladim
Last updated: 24. March 2020
Est. reading time: 1-2 minutes